Naila

Coordinates: 50°19′N 11°41′E / 50.317°N 11.683°E / 50.317; 11.683
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Naila
Naila
Naila
Coat of arms of Naila
Location of Naila within Hof district
Schwarzenbach an der SaaleZell im FichtelgebirgeWeißdorfTrogenTöpenStammbachSparneckSelbitzSchwarzenbach am WaldSchauensteinRehauRegnitzlosauOberkotzauNailaMünchbergLichtenbergLeupoldsgrünKonradsreuthKöditzIssigauHelmbrechtsGeroldsgrünGattendorfFeilitzschDöhlauBergBad StebenKronach (district)HofWunsiedel (district)Kulmbach (district)Bayreuth (district)Martinlamitzer Forst-NordGeroldsgrüner ForstGerlaser ForstForst Schwarzenbach a.WaldSaxonyThuringiaCzech Republic
Naila is located in Germany
Naila
Naila
Naila is located in Bavaria
Naila
Naila
Coordinates: 50°19′N 11°41′E / 50.317°N 11.683°E / 50.317; 11.683
CountryGermany
StateBavaria
Admin. regionOberfranken
DistrictHof
Government
 • Mayor (2020–26) Frank Stumpf[1] (FW)
Area
 • Total37.05 km2 (14.31 sq mi)
Elevation
512 m (1,680 ft)
Population
 (2022-12-31)[2]
 • Total7,711
 • Density210/km2 (540/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
95119
Dialling codes09282
Vehicle registrationHO, NAI
Websitewww.naila.de

Naila is a town in the Hof district of Bavaria, Germany. It lies in the Franconian Forest. Naila is 18 km (11 mi) from the larger city of Hof, on both banks of the Selbitz river.

Naila: The Church of the Transfiguration

History[edit]

The earliest documentation of Naila dates at 9 January 1343.[3] The first settlements in the area around Naila probably happened between the 12th and 14th century. The name Naila first appeared as "Neulins" (and variations thereof), has its origins most likely in the meaning "Small new settlement". In 1454, Naila was awarded a coat of arms by its overlord, Margrave John.

After a brief episode under Prussian reign (1792–1810), Naila was included into the newly-established Kingdom of Bavaria. In 1818, it was awarded town privileges and in 1886, a railroad station was opened in Naila.[3] After World War II, the Iron Curtain, just 8 km (5.0 mi) north of Naila, cut off a large part of the market for the local industries.

The town was the seat of the then district of Naila until this was merged into Hof district in 1972, and had to give up their number-plate code NAI in favour of HO. The villages of Marxgrün, Lippertsgrün and Marlesreuth were incorporated to Naila in 1978.[3]

In 1979, Naila was the landing site of the Strelzyk and Wetzel families' famous homemade hot-air balloon escape from East Germany.[4]

Mayors[edit]

  • 1906–1919: Wilhelm Hagen
  • 1919–1926: Heinrich Kanzler
  • 1926–1933: Julius Borger
  • 1933-1933: Ludwig Wunner
  • 1933–1945: Karl Jakob Schmidt
  • 1945–1945: Georg Fugmann
  • 1945–1948: Heinrich Lang senior
  • 1948–1952: Christian Schlicht
  • 1952–1953: Georg Fugmann
  • 1953–1956: Karl Otto Zander
  • 1956–1959: Hilmar Jahn
  • 1960–1964: Fritz Jahn
  • 1964–1968: Hans Künzel
  • 1968–1972: Albin Bischoff
  • 1972–1996: Robert Strobel
  • 1996–2001: Hannsjürgen Lommer
  • 2001- : Frank Stumpf

Population development[edit]

The numbers are with the incorporated districts.

Year Inhabitants
1840 4357
1871 4549
1900 5201
1925 6336
1939 6955
Year Inhabitants
1950 10090
1956 9668
1960 9522
1965 9829
1970 9821
Year Inhabitants
1975 9631
1980 9217
1985 8675
1990 8893
1995 9037
Year Inhabitants
2000 8547
2005 8410
2010 8071
2015 7640

Personalities[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Liste der ersten Bürgermeister/Oberbürgermeister in kreisangehörigen Gemeinden, Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik, 15 July 2021.
  2. ^ Genesis Online-Datenbank des Bayerischen Landesamtes für Statistik Tabelle 12411-003r Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes: Gemeinden, Stichtag (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)
  3. ^ a b c "Daten der Stadtgeschichte". Stadt Naila (in German). City of Naila. Retrieved 5 May 2021.
  4. ^ "Homemade balloon carries 8 to freedom". The Prescott Courier. 17 September 1979.