Outline of Iran

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The location of Iran
An enlargeable map of the Islamic Republic of Iran

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Iran:

Iransovereign country located in Southwest Asia and the Middle East.[1] Iran is bound by the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf to the south and the Caspian Sea to its north. Shi'a Islam is the official religion, and Persian is the official language.[2] Iran's population is about 83,500,000;[3] and is the 18th largest country in the world in terms of area at 1,648,195 square kilometres (636,372 sq mi). Iran is home to one of the world's oldest continuous major civilizations, with historical and urban settlements dating back to 4000 BC.[4][5][6] Throughout history, Iran has been of geostrategic importance because of its central location in Eurasia and is a regional power.[7][8] The political system of Iran, based on the 1979 Constitution, comprises several intricately connected governing bodies. The highest state authority is the Supreme Leader, currently Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.

General reference[edit]

An enlargeable map of Iran

Geography of Iran[edit]

An enlargeable topographic map of Iran

Geography of Iran

 Iraq 1,458 km
 Turkmenistan 992 km
 Afghanistan 950 km
 Pakistan 950 km
 Azerbaijan 611 km
 Turkey 499 km
 Armenia 35 km
  • Coastline: 2,440 km[10]

Environment of Iran[edit]

An enlargeable satellite image of Iran

Environment of Iran

Natural geographic features of Iran[edit]

Regions of Iran[edit]

Ecoregions of Iran[edit]

List of ecoregions in Iran

Administrative divisions of Iran[edit]

Administrative divisions of Iran

Provinces of Iran[edit]

Provinces of Iran

Counties of Iran[edit]

Counties of Iran

Municipalities of Iran[edit]

Municipalities of Iran

Demography of Iran[edit]

Demographics of Iran

Government and politics of Iran[edit]

Politics of Iran

Branches of the government of Iran[edit]

Government of Iran

Executive branch of the government of Iran[edit]

Legislative branch of the government of Iran[edit]

  • Majlis of Iran (unicameral parliament)
    • drafts legislation
    • ratifies international treaties
    • approves the national budget
  • Guardian Council
    • 12 members
      • 6 appointed by the Supreme Leader
      • 6 elected by the Majlis
    • Powers and responsibilities:
      • Supervises elections
      • Approves or rejects candidates for president, Majlis, and the Assembly of Experts
      • Reviews all bills passed by the Majlis for constitutionality and compatibility with Islamic law, and approves or vetoes them
  • Expediency Discernment Council
    • Appointed by Supreme Leader
    • Main purpose is to mediate disputes between the Majlis and the Council of Guardians
    • Also serves as an advisory board to the Supreme Leader

Judicial branch of the government of Iran[edit]

Judicial system of Iran

Foreign relations of Iran[edit]

Foreign relations of Iran

International organization membership[edit]

International organization membership of Iran The Islamic Republic of Iran is a member of:[1]

Law and order in Iran[edit]

Law of Iran

Military of Iran[edit]

Military of Iran

Local government in Iran[edit]

Local government in Iran

History of Iran[edit]

History of Iran

SafavidsKhwarezmid EmpireAlavidsAk KoyunluSeljukidsPahlavi dynastyQara KoyunluGhaznavid EmpireIslamic Republic of IranTimurid DynastyBuwayhidsKartidsSamanidQajar dynastyJalayiridsZiyaridMannaeansZayandeh Rud River CultureAfsharid dynastyMuzaffaridsTahirid dynastyParthiansMediansArattaProto-ElamiteIlkhanateIslamic Conquest of IranAchaemenidsZand dynastyMongolsSaffarid dynastySassanidsSeleucidsElamites
Classic 4-mirrors Chahar-Ai-Ne (Persian چهاﺮآﻳنه)

History of Iran, by period[edit]

Pre-Islam Iranian history[edit]

Post-Islam Iranian history[edit]

Pahlavi and contemporary history of Iran[edit]

History of Iran, by subject[edit]

Culture of Iran[edit]

Culture of Iran

Art in Iran[edit]

Sports in Iran[edit]

Sports in Iran

Economy and infrastructure of Iran[edit]

Economy of Iran

Education in Iran[edit]

Education in Iran

See also[edit]



  1. ^ a b "Iran". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 15, 2009. Retrieved July 23, 2009.
  2. ^ قانون اساسی جمهوری اسلامی ایران (in Persian). Retrieved 23 January 2008.
  3. ^ Iran amar.org.ir Retrieved 30 April 2020
  4. ^ Xinhua, "New evidence: modern civilization began in Iran", 10 August 2007, retrieved 1 October 2007
  5. ^ Iran Daily, "Panorama", 3 March 2007, retrieved 1 October 2007 Archived January 24, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Iranian.ws, "Archaeologists: Modern civilization began in Iran based on new evidence", 12 August 2007, retrieved 1 October 2007 Archived June 25, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ parliament.uk, "Select Committee on Foreign Affairs, Eighth Report, Iran, retrieved 1 October 2007
  8. ^ IRAN @ 2000 and Beyond lecture series, opening address, W. Herbert Hunt, 18 May 2000 Archived 3 January 2010 at the Wayback Machine, retrieved 1 October 2007
  9. ^ "Armenian Highland". Retrieved 28 February 2015.
  10. ^ Iran also borders the Caspian Sea, a remnant of the ancient Paratethys Sea.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Atlas of Iran